Paul is a great example (he would rather not be) of an intractable swing issue grooved in for years into his neuromuscular pathways. Paul’s swing is notable for the pullback of his right shoulder in transition, and his upper right arm simply cannot advance far enough forward once the scapula is pulled back at the same moment he is starting his lower body forward. He has seen this over and over and knows what he would rather be doing, but the timing of his swing is dependent on the time it takes at the top for the right shoulder to feel fully turned. We have tried just about everything to change this pattern, and to his credit Paul has made some progress and hits the ball much better than he used to, although not nearly as good as he would like to. In this lesson I decide that we need to eliminate the part of the backswing that pulls the shoulder backwards by getting the lower body starting forward sooner. I had Paul visualize that his backswing ended at P3 (left arm parallel) and that he would “catch” his backswing while his hands and arms felt like they were still moving away from his head. If we can make this timing change (no easy task) then I believe it will be possible to keep the upper right arm in front of the chest and to flatten the shaft while the right elbow moves forward instead of down and back.